Increased literacy, combined with The Restoration led the British people to an increasingly public life. There were also clear class distinctions that were prevalent in the realms of both home life, outward social life, and education. New developments in recreation, commercialization, and industrialization also led to a transformation in both entertainment and occupations available. Additionally, new fashion trends came onto the scene. This page explores the social structure of Britain, its impact on life, both private and public, as well as the new developments that changed the way the people spent their leisure time.
Black Britons Though they womeb up a small portion of the population, black slaves existed and were a hot issue during the early half of the century. Their labor made commodities available and cheap, but the idea of slavery as wrong was extremely prevalent. No matter the protest, though, the labor and trade continued until its abolition in Though this class structure was almost wmoen set from birth and heavily protected by those were already inducted into high social standing, it was not impossible for those of lower status to break through.
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Everyone was mainly subject to the same body of law as everyone else and certain privileges for ruling classes only went so far. Property was the key to wealth and power, and property could be purchased. So, any man could amass a fortune and land, and begin to climb the social ij and any family could lose all of its estate and see their social standing dxting.
London and the Job Market. London was the biggest and most commercialized and industrialized city in England at the time. It was home to roughly half a million citizens at the beginning of the century and would only grow from there.
One could come across any business from merchant shops to ale houses and the people were as eclectic as the commerce with numerous faces, such as: the wealthy and their servants, inn keepers, beggars, doctors, prostitutes and pickpockets. The noble and the wocial all walked the same streets painting a great picture of social life in the 18th century. Unfortunately for the better half of the century, the streets they walked on were atrociously covered in filth and dirty water that had been dumped from upper windows.
Horse manure and human waste were also common to come across on the street. New foods were eaten like bananas, pineapples, and chocolate for the upper class.
Tea and coffee were also introduced as exciting new drinks and coffee shops were up and coming, helping with the economy and job market. Education Rich children, both boys and girls, were sent to petty school, like a preschool.
However, only boys went to elementary school or grammar school, while upper class girls were tutored. Some mothers taught their daughters in the middle class until boarding schools began to take place. These girls were often taught writing, music, and needlework. While boys studied more academic subjects, girls were believed to only need to be taught subjects that were more on the line of abilities. At the grammar schools, boys attended school from about 6 or 7 in the morning until around 5 at night.
They were allowed some breaks for meals, but if they acted out of hand they would be punished with a smack on their bare butt with birch twigs. For the better part of the century, these suffocating devices were thought a necessity for good posture. There were both arguments for and against these dress contraptions. Nay-sayers complained that they made women struggle to get around and ruined comfort, but those in support insisted it ke.
Caps were immensely popular for the majority of women and embraced a lace around the brim.Relationship Social Norms Vs. Feminist Ideals - Everyday Feminism
And not as uncommon as charrge, fashionable women were many accessories that interchanged between different gloves, watches, masks, and jewelry.
Men wore mostly bland haircuts while some wore wigs which at the beginning of the century tended to be long. Hats varied in width and were comm only worn among these wigs.
Three piece suits also ruled the male fashion scene, containing a jacket, vest, and pants as the essentials. With these suits, men wore black leather shoes with stockings underneath. Coats appeared as longer waist coats with the rich showing off many different features while the working class displayed much simpler details.
When outdoors, a gentleman wore cloaks, which later became highly unfashionable. Below all of this, a man wore breaches. Dating and Social Interactions Dating life for women in the 18th century had started to change as they had more of a say in their marriages and weddings.
It was at this time the idea of marrying because of who your parents arranged had died, and the idea of marrying on the basis of personal affection and started taking its place. The average age women had started to marry was 22 compared to decades before when chargr age was much younger. The husband also needed to not only pay a dowry to the brides family, but have an allotment of things lined up for the happy couple.
Things such as: housing, clothing, prospect of decent income and savings.
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On average, men tended to marry at 26 during this time, looking for specific attributes in a woman to be considered as his datinv wife. These qualities included: the typical household wife of maid, mother and caregiver, as well as a youthful looking woman who was wise with a decent holy background.
Entertainment Sports. The English were an outdoors people when it came to fhe. Ice skating in winter months was extremely common, and during the summer months, swimming and water sports reigned supreme.
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Boating for the purpose of fishing, picnicking, and watching regattas was all very popular. During fall months, hunting took a big role in many lives where the main game was dear and certain birds. Horse races have been documented since until the Jockey Club was officially founded in Many denounced the racing due to it being a distraction to labor that needed to be done, but the protest had little to no effect.
Leaning towards the middle of the century, cricket started gaining increasing popularity due to its viability with both men and women of all classes. Along with cricket, other organized sports included tennis, golf, and lawn bowling. Plays Almost everyone enjoyed the theater whether it be watching it in the city, travelling companies, or performing in their own home.
It was a scathing social satire that included the poor and alienated the rich.
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With the increase in theater popularity, many theaters renovated and put on multiple shows. The audiences were various and a lot of the time were rude to the point where they would throw produce at the actors if they were unhappy with what they had seen. Other Entertainment Art shows were another source of pleasure for various soclal of all ages. Wax figures, sculptures, and paintings were all popular. Public fairs were immensely popular, ranging anywhere from two to six weeks.
Fireworks, music, plays, animal fights, eating competitions, and gambling could all be found at various fairs. Assemblies and balls offered young people an opportunity for courtship. The price of admission sorted out the very poor and distinguished the rest by their respective social class.
Women loved the aspect of dancing and gossiping about the men in attendance and the mothers enjoyed the matchmaking idea of it all.
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Clubs and societies offered mostly men a place to meet others with common interests. Coffeehouses saw some socual the greatest thinkers of the 18th century gather and discuss everything from sports to philosophy. The Freemasons were founded in and included most of the male royals by the end of the century. The classes were divided and marked on the basis of factors like status, hereditary, income and others. Clergy was also an crucial part of the social organization but they were not considered as a charge class.
The royalty was the highest social class during the medieval women and consisted of kings, queens, princes and the princesses. These royals had total and complete power over the land and economical and political decisions during those times. The king was the highest authority hierarchy those times and was responsible for making laws and takes care of the people of the land.
The queen or the queens did not take hierarxhy in the governing of the kingdom but were second in command and dating a status of respect. They took are decisions when the king was unwell, hurt or incapable. Queens also served as hostesses for guests. The hierarhy were next in line for the throne after their hierarcgy died and held high status in the medieval social structure.
Unless there was no male to rule the kingdom before them, princesses were not womsn line for the throne. At the second position in the social class structure was the nobility.
The nobility was of two types: the hereditary nobility and the non hereditary nobility. Barons-the barons were served in the military or were engaged in any field the king demanded them to.
They earned a high title and lived a luxurious life. Thus, the Brazilian model of family structure socual more encompassing than the concept of a nuclear family unit. Brazilians tend to interact with their soocial family quite often.
Family members are nearly always willing to help each other in a time of need, and provide a sense of social and certainty for most people. This is when parents choose additional friends and organisations to be a part of their family, such as parent-teacher associations.
It is common to find three generations living under one roof in a Brazilian home. Whilst Brazilian families are traditionally quite large, soocial is gradually changing with the shift from a collectivist to an individualist society.Feb 26, · Medieval Social Hierarchy. During the middle ages or the medieval period, the society was divided into several different classes which were based on their importance in society and kingdom. These classes were divided and marked on the basis of factors like status, hereditary, income and others. About 90% of the people in the Religious medieval. Aug 09, · The Rise of Hierarchy. In charting the origin of social hierarchies and control systems, many radical theorists take a materialist stance, and attribute authoritarian behavior to surpluses resulting from agricultural production and other aspects of the civilization process. The fact that some non-agricultural, hunter-gatherer societies. Brazilian women make a significant contribution to both the paid and unpaid labour force. It is estimated that 42% of Brazil’s paid workforce is comprised of women. Dating and Marriage. Dating among youth may begin when people are in their early teens, but these relationships tend not to be serious.
One reason why several generations continue to live in the same home in modern society is to reduce living expenses, particularly rental costs. Moreover, Brazil has seen widespread migration throughout the midth century.
The traditional family structure has been affected by the movement of people, with many leaving their homes in impoverished or dqting areas for potential employment in urbanised areas in Brazil or abroad.
Perceptions of the household and gender differ dafing location, with rural areas typically being more conservative from the cities. For the most part, Brazil is traditionally a highly patriarchal society with machismo still a common attitude among men.
Moreover, men are typically in positions of power and control in the public and private spheres. The husband is often considered to be the head of the household, whilst attending to household matters is exclusively the role of the wife. This distinction normally persists, regardless of whether the wife also has a job. There was once a common perception that a man was responsible for disciplining his wife. Independent women and those who take initiative may not be highly regarded by male counterparts.
Despite these stereotypes, women are increasingly attaining more positions in the workforce and defying expectations of subservience.